Radiocarbon dating by accelerator mass spectrometry
Expected Outcomes by applying AMS with particular relevance to Southern Africa. Research in global and regional climate change based on long lived cosmogenic isotopes in the atmosphere such as Cl.
These isotopes enable studies of long term climatic change and geologic processes and make it possible to establish the ocean circulation patterns and rates which are strongly coupled to climate, such as the El Niño effect.
It is anticipated that all South African universities will participate in this state-of-the-art facility, which will be the only one of its kind on the African continent. Significant contributions will be made to areas such as Biomedicine, Diagnostics, Agriculture and Minerals, Materials and Chemicals.
AMS can detect contaminants at parts per billion in high-purity electronics components in fields such as Materials Characterisation and Trace Element Detection.
This process, called sputtering, separates neutral, as well as positive and negative ions from the sample surface.